Kelly M. Bower, PhD, MPH, RN, APHN-BC
Kelly Bower’s research and her public health nursing practice focus on the elimination of racial disparities in women’s health. Using a lens of social justice, she aims to understand why these disparities exist and to develop interventions to reverse them. Her research examines the role of racism and respectful maternity care in maternal and child health outcomes. She also studies women’s involvement in maternal, infant, and early childhood home visiting programs and the impact childhood trauma has on involvement. Dr. Bower applies a community-engaged approach to her research that comes from her 18 years of experience practicing as a public health nurse in Baltimore, currently with the Baltimore City Health Department and the B’More for Healthy Babies Initiative. She has received funding from the Johns Hopkins Clinical Research Scholars (NIH KL2) program and the Johns Hopkins Urban Health Institute. She earned her PhD from Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, where her dissertation focused on the relationship between residential segregation, food store availability, and racial disparities in obesity among women.
Areas of Scholarly Expertise and InterestHealth disparities; women’s health; social determinants of health; maternal, infant, and early childhood home visiting; childhood trauma; community-based research
Bower KM, Thorpe RJ, Yenokyan G, McGinty EE, Dubay L, & Gaskin DJ. (2015). "Racial Residential Segregation and Disparities in Obesity Among Women." Journal of Urban Health, 92(5): 843-852.
Bower KM, Thorpe RJ, Rohde C, & Gaskin DJ. (2013). "The Intersection of Neighborhood Racial Segregation, Poverty, and Urbanicity and its Impact on Food Store Availability in the United States." Preventive Medicine, 58: 33-39.
Bower KM, Thorpe RJ, & LaVeist TA. (2013). "Perceived Racial Discrimination and Mental Health in Low-income Urban-dwelling Whites." International Journal of Health Service, 43(2): 267-280.
Gaskin DJ, Thorpe RJ, Galarraga JE, Bower KM, & Gary-Webb TL. (2013). "Disparities in Diabetes – The Nexus of Race, Poverty and Place. American Journal of Public Health, 104(11): 2147-2155.
Alhusen J, Bower K, Epstein E & Sharps P. (In Press). "Racial discrimination and adverse birth outcomes: An integrative review." Journal of Midwifery & Women’s Health.
- Health inequities
- Social determinants of health
- Women's health