Defining Moments

Defining Moments

Alice Louise Florence Fitzgerald was a global nurse from the beginning: Born and raised in Florence, Italy to a Baltimore family, she entered the Johns Hopkins Training School for Nurses in 1902 against her family’s wishes. After graduation in 1906, she remained at Hopkins as a head nurse for one year, spent 1908 assisting in earthquake relief in Messina, Italy, and returned to Hopkins from 1909–1910. This photo was taken in 1922, when Fitzgerald spent two years in the Philippines as an advisor on Public Health Nursing to Governor General Leonard Wood, organizing a public health nursing service.

Photo courtesy of The Alan Mason Chesney Medical Archives of The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions

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