2017-2018 Honor Code
Hallmarks of a Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing education include acquisition of skills and knowledge while building character and independence. Essential components of this education are innovation, truthfulness, insight and respect.
The School of Nursing Honor Code is based on the shared core values stated in the School’s Values Statement. Each member of the School of Nursing community, whether student, faculty or staff, holds himself or herself and others to the highest standards based on the values of excellence, respect, diversity, integrity, and accountability.
Students enrolled in the Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing are expected to conduct themselves in a manner that upholds the values of this institution of higher education. Each student is obligated to refrain from violating academic ethics and maintaining high standards of conduct. In addition, the School of Nursing upholds the professional code of ethics established in the Code of Ethics for Nurses (ANA, 2015). Each student is held accountable for adhering to the American Nurses Association Code of Ethics.
The School of Nursing Honor Code is grounded in the following principles:
- Act with honesty and integrity in the performance of all academic assignments, examinations and in all interactions with others
- Engage in providing requested input to improve faculty understanding of the learning needs of students
- Respect self, faculty, staff, fellow students and members of the health team
- Respect and protect the confidentiality of information
- Advocate for patients’ best interest
- Respect the diversity of persons encountered in all interactions
- Respect property
- Respect policies, regulations and laws
- Abstain from the use of substances in the academic and clinical setting that impair judgment or performance
The Honor Pledge
The following honor pledge will be included and signed on each examination and assignment:
“On my honor, I pledge that I have neither given nor received any unauthorized assistance on this (exam) (assignment) (care plan) (paper) (project).”
The pledge may be completed in several ways such as:
- Student will write and sign the pledge;
- Faculty will preprint the pledge on tests and student will initial it;
- Faculty will include the pledge on an online quiz/test and ask students to indicate their online verification.
The following conduct is prohibited by this policy. This list is non-exclusive.
Cheating on Examinations. The following are nonexclusive examples of cheating:
- use or consultation of unauthorized materials (e.g., notes, books, etc.) on assignments, tests, or examinations.
- unauthorized discussion of a test or exam during its administration.
- copying content on an assignment, test or examination from another individual.
- obtaining a test or examination or the answers to a test or examination before administration of the test or examination.
- studying from an old test or examination whose circulation is prohibited by the faculty member.
- use or consultation of unauthorized electronic devices (e.g., calculators, cellular phones, computers, tablets, etc.) during tests or examinations.
- use of paper writing services or paper databases.
- unauthorized collaboration with another individual on assignments, tests or examinations.
- submission of an assignment, test or examination for a regrade after modifying the original content submitted.
- permitting another individual to contribute to or complete an assignment, or to contribute to or take a test or examination on the student's behalf.
Plagiarism. The following are nonexclusive examples of plagiarism:
- submission of the same or substantially similar work of another person (e.g., an author, a classmate, etc.).
- use of the results of another individual's work (e.g., another individual's paper, exam, homework, computer code, lab report, etc.) while representing it as your own.
- improper documentation of quotations, words, ideas, or paraphrased passages taken from published or unpublished sources.
Reuse of Assignments or Exams.
- unauthorized submission of the same or substantially similar assignment or exam (e.g., a paper, etc.) to fulfill the requirements of more than one course.
Forgery/Falsification/Lying. The following are nonexclusive examples of forgery, falsification and lying:
- falsification or invention of data for an assignment or in an experiment.
- citation of nonexistent sources or creation of false information in an assignment.
- attributing to a source ideas or information that is not included in the source.
- forgery of university or other official documents (e.g., letters, transcripts, etc.).
- impersonating a faculty member.
- request for special consideration from faculty members or university officials based upon false information or deception.
- fabrication of a reason (e.g., medical emergency, etc.) for needing an extension on or for missing an assignment, test or examination.
- claiming falsely to have completed and/or turned in an assignment, test or examination.
- falsely reporting an academic ethics violation by another student.
Facilitating Academic Dishonesty. The following are nonexclusive examples of facilitating academic dishonesty:
- intentionally or knowingly aiding another student to commit an academic ethics violation.
- allowing another student to copy from one's own assignment, test, or examination.
- making available copies of course materials whose circulation is prohibited (e.g., old assignments, texts or examinations, etc.).
- completing an assignment or taking a test or examination for another student.
Unfair Competition. The following are nonexclusive examples of unfair competition:
- intentionally damaging the academic efforts of another student.
- stealing another student's academic materials (e.g., books, notes, assignments, etc.)
- denying University resources needed by another student (e.g., hiding library materials, stealing lab equipment, etc.).
Improper Use of Electronic Devices. The following are nonexclusive examples of improper use of electronic devices:
- transmittal or posting of patient/client data or photographs
Allegations of Research Misconduct are covered by the School of Nursing Policy on Research Misconduct.
Professional Code of Ethics
In addition to the Academic Ethics outlined in in this document, each student enrolled in the Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing is expected to uphold the professional code of ethics established for and by the nursing profession and as defined by the School. Ethics are foundational to the nursing profession. The nursing profession expresses its moral obligations and professional values through the Code of Ethics for Nurses (ANA, 2015). Each student should read the American Nurses Association Code of Ethics and be accountable for its contents.
In its Code of Ethics for Nurses, the American Nurses Association states that: “ethics is an essential part of the foundation of nursing. Nursing has a distinguished history of concern for the welfare of the sick, injured, vulnerable and for social justice. This concern is embodied in the provision of care to individuals and the community. Nursing encompasses the prevention of illness, the alleviation of suffering, and the protection, promotion, and restoration of health in the care of individuals, families, groups, and communities.”
–American Nurses Association Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements (2015)
Nursing students are expected not only to adhere to the morals and norms of the profession, but also to embrace them as part of what it means to be a nurse. The nurse recognizes that his/her first obligation is to the patient’s welfare and that all other needs and duties are secondary; the nursing student adheres to this same value. A code of ethics makes the professional goals, values, and obligations of a nursing student more explicit, assisting the student in the development of his/her professional ethics.
A nursing student at Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing will strive to act in a professional, ethical manner in accordance with the Code of Ethics for nurses, the JHUSON values, and Honor Code. Each student will:
- Read this School of Nursing Professional Code of Ethics Document and be accountable for its contents.
- Be responsible for his/her own learning and clinical practice and honor other students’ right to learn and be successful in academic and clinical environments (i.e., develop own knowledge base through study and inquiry; recognize others’ right to do well on their written work; have access to reserved material; and have access to their own preparation materials and supplies used in clinical areas).
- Demonstrate respect in verbal and non-verbal behaviors to all others in all clinical and academic settings (e.g., interact with others without using threats of, or commission of, physical harm, verbal abuse, unwanted sexual advances or contact, or other unwarranted physical contact. Arrive to class and clinical sites on time; silence beepers and cell phones in class, etc.).
- Assess patient status carefully upon assuming responsibility for his/her care
- Provide safe, competent care, seeking assistance when personal knowledge and/or skill are not adequate. Avoid use of any substances that would impair clinical ability or judgment (e.g., prepare for clinical assignment to develop required knowledge and skill; review patient’s medical record; seek assistance according to course and curricular objectives).
- Provide the same standard of care to all patients and families regardless of race, ethnicity, age, sexual preference, disability, religion, economic status, employment status, or the nature of their health problem(s). Accept that others have the right to their own cultural beliefs and values and respect their choices (e.g., demonstrate compassion and respect for every individual; provide the best quality of care possible to all patients; be non-judgmental of cultural differences).
- Provide patient care without expectation of, or acceptance of, any remuneration over and above salary (if applicable) (e.g., do not accept gratuities or personal gifts of monetary value).
- Document in a thorough, accurate, truthful, and timely manner data that reflects findings from one’s own personal assessment, care, interventions, teaching, or the patient’s and/or family’s response to those activities (e.g., documentation errors are corrected in an acceptable manner, documentation is unaltered, vital signs are recorded at the time they are measured, and late entries are duly noted).
- Act in a manner that contributes to the development and maintenance of an ethical educational and practice environment. Recognize that the primary commitment in clinical practice is to the patient and that respectful interactions are expected (e.g., act as a role model for other students and colleagues; speak up if another student is speaking disrespectfully to classmates or faculty; work through appropriate organizational channels to share concerns about situations that jeopardize patient care or affect the educational environment; advocate patient safety).
- Complete legally required HIPAA training and University or clinical site requirements regarding confidentiality. Use patient data in all school work, papers, presentations, research findings and in the clinical setting in a manner that is accurate, truthful, and confidential. Patient data must have a justifiable reason for its presence. Acknowledge real data gaps that may exist in written work. Identify patient in paper by initials, not full name.
- Refrain from unauthorized use or possession of school or clinical setting’s equipment, patient’s belongings, or items dispersed or intended for patient use (e.g., do not download University software onto a personal PC or mobile device; do not use a hospital computer terminal for personal use; do not take a patient’s prescribed medication for personal use).
Honor Code Policies and Procedures
Student discipline is the responsibility of the faculty of the School of Nursing. The School of Nursing Ethics Board has been created to administer this responsibility. Nothing herein prescribed, however, shall prevent the Dean of the School, or in the absence of the Dean, the Associate Dean for Enrollment Management and Student Affairs, or their designees, from summarily suspending a student for reasons relating to his or her physical or emotional safety and well-being, the safety and well-being of students, faculty, staff, or University property, the maintenance of public order, or the effective continuation of the education process. The student has the right to a fair and timely hearing in accordance with these rules.
The School of Nursing Ethics Board has authority over disciplinary matters involving matriculated and continuing School of Nursing students in the full-time, part-time, and professional programs. School of Nursing students may enroll in courses in one or more other University divisions or schools. School of Nursing students are subject to this policy not only when enrolled in School of Nursing courses, but also when enrolled in courses in other University divisions or schools. Academic misconduct in the context of those "outside" courses will be subject to and resolved under this policy.
This authority may include, but is not limited to the following:
- Violations of School of Nursing Academic Ethics or Professional Ethics
- Violations of University Policies and Procedures
- Violations of federal, state or local laws
Reporting Academic or Professional Ethics Violations
Any member of the faculty, administration, staff or any student who has reason to believe a violation has occurred is expected to notify the Ethics Board Chair or Associate Dean for Enrollment Management and Student Affairs. Faculty members generally initiate academic or professional investigations, either by detecting violations themselves or by receiving reports from teaching assistants, clinical site staff, students, alerts by exam monitoring services, and/or university staff members.
Students or staff who witness violations should report these to the appropriate course faculty or Associate Dean for Enrollment Management and Student Affairs. Students may consult beforehand with the Associate Dean for Enrollment Management and Student Affairs, or designee, or the chair of the Ethics Board.
Both students and faculty should follow these procedures:
- If a student is suspected of academic misconduct, the faculty member responsible for the course in which the misconduct allegedly occurred must review the facts of the case promptly with the student.
- If, after speaking with the student and any witnesses, the faculty member believes that academic misconduct has occurred, the faculty member must first contact the Associate Dean for Enrollment Management and Student Affairs to determine whether the offense is a first offense, or a second or subsequent offense.
- For a minor first offense after faculty consultation with the Chair of the SON Ethics Board to ensure that first violations are treated consistently, the faculty member may settle the case directly with the student, i.e., the faculty member and student may reach an agreement on the resolution of the alleged misconduct. If such an agreement is reached, the faculty member must promptly provide the student with a letter outlining the resolution that includes the charges, a summary of the evidence, the findings, and the sanctions agreed upon, and must also simultaneously provide a copy of that letter to the Associate Dean for Enrollment Management and Student Affairs.
- If, however, the faculty member cannot reach an agreement with the student (e.g., the student denies cheating or does not agree with the proposed sanction, etc.), or the offense is a second or subsequent offense, or if in the case of a first offense, the sanction imposed would be greater than failure in the course, the faculty member must promptly notify the Associate Dean for Enrollment Management and Student Affairs in writing of the alleged violations, evidence, including potential witnesses, and other pertinent details of the case. In such instances, the case will proceed to the next phase of resolution as outlined below.
- The Associate Dean for Enrollment Management and Student Affairs will convene a meeting of the Ethics Board in consultation with the chair of the Ethics Board.
- In advance of the Ethics Board hearing, a student receives written notification of the hearing date, time, and location.
Ethics Board Selection and Ethics Panel Hearings
An Ethics Board will be constituted each year. A faculty chair will be selected from among the full-time faculty by the Dean or her designee. Four full-time faculty who teach primarily in one of the following programs—MSN Entry into Nursing Practice, MSN Advanced Specialty, and doctoral (either PhD or DNP) will be elected for two-year terms by the Faculty Assembly.
The Ethics Board meets annually in the fall semester and as needed thereafter.
After receiving a report of a violation that merits a hearing, the Associate Dean for Enrollment Management and Student Affairs or designee will initiate an Ethics Board hearing with the chair. For each request, a hearing panel will be formed.
The Ethics Board consists of the faculty chairperson, the program directors from all academic programs and the faculty members mentioned above. The Ethics Hearing Panel consists of the faculty chairperson, the faculty members, the program director and two student members. The Associate Dean for Enrollment Management and Student Affairs or designee attends all hearings but is a non-voting member.
Student members of the Ethics Board are elected by their peers for a term of one year, beginning no later than September 30.
The Ethics Board appoints a student hearing assistant for the alleged honor code violator and for the person initiating the complaint. The hearing assistant for students will be his/her academic adviser or other faculty member chosen by the student. The hearing assistant for the faculty may be his/her faculty mentor or other faculty member of choice. The assistant will meet with the respective parties to prepare evidence, testimony, and questions for the hearing. Assistants may attend and provide consultation in the hearing.
All evidence for the hearing must be placed on file in the Office of the Associate Dean for Enrollment Management and Student Affairs. Students and faculty can submit evidence directly to the Associate Dean for Enrollment Management and Student Affairs or indirectly through the assistant or the chairperson.
The Ethics Board will convene within 10 working days of receiving the request for a hearing, whenever possible.
The Ethics Board hearing is an orderly discussion, not a legal proceeding. Legal representation is not permitted.
In general, hearings will proceed as follows, although the panel has discretion to alter the order or manner in which it hears or receives evidence, and to impose time limits on any stage of the process:
- opening statement from the reporter, if applicable
- questioning of the reporter by the panel, if applicable
- closing statement from the reporter, if applicable
- opening statement from the student
- questioning of the student by the panel
- questioning of the witnesses, if any, by the panel
- closing statement from student
At the conclusion of the hearing, all parties will withdraw, and the deliberations of the hearing board will be held in private.
The Accused is presumed innocent until proven in violation by a preponderance of the evidence. A "preponderance of the evidence" standard will be used to determine responsibility for alleged violations of this policy. A "preponderance of the evidence" standard is an evidentiary standard that means "more likely than not." This standard is met if the proposition is more likely to be true than not true.
The Chair shall, as soon after the hearing as possible, prepare minutes of the hearing including:
- Date, place and time of the hearing,
- The names of all persons present at the hearing,
- A short statement of the charge against the Student,
- A summary of the findings of fact and conclusions made by the Ethics Board,
- A statement of the decision of the Ethics Board,
- The sanction recommended by the Ethics Board, if applicable.
The alleged honor code violator and the initiating party will be informed in writing by the Enrollment Management and Student Affairs Office the Ethics Board’s decision within five working days of the Board’s decision.
Depending on the severity and type of infraction, the student may be removed from the clinical or laboratory setting immediately after a decision has been reached; such decisions will be communicated verbally to the student by the Chair. Written confirmation will follow.
Any student found not in violation is exonerated of all charges and allowed to make-up any missed assignments or clinical time.
If a students is found in violation, the following factors may be considered in the sanctioning process:
- the specific academic misconduct at issue;
- the student’s academic misconduct history; and
- other appropriate factors.
This section lists some of the sanctions that may be imposed upon students for violations of this policy. The School of Nursing reserves the right, in its discretion, to impose more stringent or different sanctions depending on the facts and circumstances of a particular case. Sanctions for academic misconduct under policy are generally cumulative in nature.
The student is notified in writing that his or her actions constitute a violation of this policy, and may be subject to other actions (e.g., re-taking an exam or failure in a course).
Grade adjustment, including failure, on any work or course. This may include or may not include permanent student record notation. If notation, “Grade due to Academic Misconduct” will be noted on the official School of Nursing transcript
The student is notified that further violations of this policy within the stated period of time will result in the student being considered for immediate suspension or other appropriate disciplinary action. If at the end of the specified time period no further violations have occurred, the student is removed from probationary status.
The student is notified that the student is separated from the University for a specified period of time. The student must leave campus and vacate campus residence halls, if applicable, within the time prescribed and is prohibited from University property and events. The conferring of an academic degree may be deferred for the duration of the suspension. A student must receive written permission from the University prior to re-enrollment or re-application. Academic work completed at another institution while on suspension will not be recognized for credit transfer.
Expulsion means the permanent removal of the student from the University. Expulsion includes a forfeiture of all rights and degrees not actually conferred at the time of the expulsion, permanent notation of the expulsion on the student’s University records and academic transcript, withdrawal from all courses according to divisional policies, and the forfeiture of tuition and fees. Any student expelled from the University is prohibited from University property and events and future reapplication to the University.
After the hearing, the Associate Dean for Enrollment Management and Student Affairs assists the chair in implementing the Ethics Board’s decision. This will include notifying the student and appropriate faculty or School personnel (e.g., Registrar, faculty adviser, course faculty, Executive Vice Dean, appropriate program director).
The Associate Dean for Enrollment Management and Student Affairs or designee maintains all hearing documents in a confidential file.
The Ethics Board faculty chair will submit a yearly report to the Faculty Assembly outlining types of hearings held and decisions made during the year. Students will not be identified by name in this report.
Except in the case of a resolution for first time offenses with a faculty member, the student may appeal a panel’s finding of responsibility and/or sanction(s). A student must file any appeal within five (5) days of the date of the notice of outcome on one or more of the following grounds:
- procedural error that could have materially affected the determination of responsibility or sanction(s);
- new information that was not available at the time of the hearing and that could reasonably have affected the determination of responsibility or sanction(s); and
- excessiveness of the sanction(s).
Any appeal must be filed in writing with the Dean of the School of Nursing or designee. An appeal will involve a review of the file; the appeal does not involve another hearing. On review of the appeal, the Dean of the School of Nursing or designee may:
- enter a revised determination of responsibility and/or revise sanction(s); or
- remand the matter to the panel to reconsider the determination of responsibility and/or sanction(s).
The Dean of the School of Nursing or designee will simultaneously send the appeal determination, with the reasons therefor, to the panel, as appropriate, and to the student. The decision of Dean of the School of Nursing or designee is final. No further appeals are permitted.
A case file concerning a student will be retained for seven (7) years from date that the student graduates or otherwise leaves the university.
Being accused of an Honor Code violation is a stressful process for students. Students are encouraged to be completely honest in all discussions associated with this process and to take advantage of University resources:
The Associate Dean for Enrollment Management and Student Affairs will provide an overview of the process and procedures of the Ethics Board and advice about preparing for the Academic Ethics Board hearing.
The Johns Hopkins Student Assistance Program can help with any personal difficulties that arise during this process.
In connection with the resolution of alleged policy violations, a student shall:
- be notified in writing of the allegations in advance of any meeting or hearing;
- be notified in writing of the charges, and the date, time and location of the hearing, and identity of the hearing administrator or panel members in advance of the hearing;
- have the opportunity to review in advance of any meeting or hearing any information to be considered by any faculty member, administrator or panel consistent with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, as amended ("FERPA") and to protect other confidential information.
A student may raise the potential conflict of any University personnel participating in the resolution process. A student may also decline to participate in the resolution process. The University may however continue the process without the student's participation.
Communications under this policy will primarily be conducted with students through their official University email address, and students are expected check their official University email on a regular basis.
Faculty members should enforce academic ethics equally and consistently. All suspicions of academic misconduct, no matter how minor, must be investigated.
Faculty members must contact the Associate Dean for Enrollment Management and Student Affairs regarding any accusations of academic misconduct in order to determine if an accused student has previous violations. Faculty must also contact the Chair of the Ethics Board to ensure that first violations are treated consistently. In addition, faculty members must submit documentation of all direct settlements and hearing requests to the Associate Dean of Enrollment Management and Student Affairs.
If an Ethics Board hearing is necessary, efforts will be made to schedule the hearing to accommodate the faculty member’s schedule.
Faculty members are expected to compile evidence and to present their account of the violation during an Ethics Board hearing. The hearing assistant chosen by the board will assist the faculty member with this process.
Faculty members are encouraged to contact the Associate Dean for Enrollment Management and Student Affairs or the chair of the Ethics board to discuss concerns and questions about the meeting.
University’s Student Conduct Code
Student Conduct is handled through a university-wide process. Please see the Johns Hopkins University non-academic Student Conduct Code for policy and procedures.
Updated August 21, 2017